Alcohol will often exaggerate whatever mood you're in when you start drinking.
Alcohol is a relaxant so, in moderation, it can reduce feelings of anxiety and inhibitions, making you feel more sociable.
It takes your body around an hour to process one unit of alcohol.
One drink too many can leave you feeling out of control, slurring your words or losing your balance. Also it may make you vomit.
Official guidelines recommend that men should not regularly drink more than 3-4 units a day and women should not regularly drink more than 2-3 units a day.
Long-term excessive use of alcohol causes illnesses such as liver damage, stomach cancer and heart disease.
Speed makes people feel wide awake, excited and chatty.
Clubbers take it because it gives them the energy to dance for hours without getting tired.
Amphetamines was once the main ingredient in diet pills because it stops people feeling hungry.
Depending on how much has actually been used, it can be difficult to relax or sleep after taking speed.
The come down can make users feel irritable and depressed and can last for one or two days.
Speed users have died from overdoses.
An initial head rush that lasts a couple of minutes.
Sniffing poppers during sex can make orgasms feel like they last longer. And some people say it enhances their erections.
May help relax anal sphincter muscles.
The effects don't last long and can leave people feeling sick, faint and weak. Especially if taken while dancing.
Some men have trouble getting an erection after sniffing poppers.
Poppers can give you an extreme headache.
LSD or 'acid' has very random, and sometimes very frightening, effects. Trips feed off a person's imagination.
If panic sets in, the experience can be scary and confusing. Bad trips can be terrifying.
Flashbacks sometimes happen. This is when part of the trip is subsequently re-lived after the original experience. (This usually occurs within weeks or months after taking the LSD but can be longer).
Some people may feel chilled out, relaxed and happy, while others have one puff and feel sick.
Others get the giggles and may become talkative.
Hunger pangs are common and are known as 'getting the munchies'.
Even regular smokers can become anxious, panicky, suspicious or paranoid.
Cannabis affects your coordination, which is one of the reasons why drug driving is just as illegal as drink driving.
Cannabis itself can affect many different systems in the body, including the heart: It increases the heart rate and can affect blood pressure.
Taking cocaine makes users feel on top of the world. Its effect is like the stimulant 'amphetamines' (speed) but is stronger and doesn't last as long. People taking it feel wide-awake, confident and on top of their game.
Cocaine is a stimulant, so it can raise the body's temperature, make the heart beat faster and stave off feelings of hunger.
The effects of crack smoking are virtually immediate, peaking for about two minutes and lasting for only about 10 minutes. For snorted coke there is a slower time to peak but the effects still don’t last that long (around 20-30 minutes).
After a big night on cocaine, it's not unusual for people to feel like they've got the flu.
Some people are over-confident on it and so may take very careless risks.
The hit from coke doesn't last long and from 'crack' lasts even less. When the effects start to wear off there can be a very strong temptation to take more, particularly with the long 'come down', the crash period can happen days later.
Heavy crack users may take heroin to try to dull their cravings. As a consequence, some crack users have become dependent on heroin as well.
Regularly smoking crack can cause breathing problems and pains in the chest. Smoking anything damages the lungs.
Injecting a mixture of cocaine and heroin, known as a 'speedballing' is a dangerous cocktail with potentially fatal results.
An E gives people an energy buzz that makes them feel alert and alive.
Ecstasy makes people feel in tune with their surroundings sounds and colours are more intense.
Users often feel great love for the people they're with and the strangers around them. On its own, it's not a drug that makes people violent
Physical side effects can develop that include: dilated pupils, a tingling feeling, tightening of the jaw muscles, raised body temperature and the heart beats faster.
Short-term effects of use can include anxiety, panic attacks, confused episodes and paranoid or psychotic states.
There’s no way of telling what's in an E until you've swallowed it. So, there may be negative side effects from other ingredients in the tablet.
Heroin slows down body functioning and substantially reduces physical and psychological pain.
Most users get a rush or buzz a few minutes after taking it.
A small dose of heroin gives the user a feeling of warmth and well-being.
Deaths from overdoses occur. But the risk increases after a period off the drug because the body's tolerance for the drug goes down.
Overdoses can lead to coma and even death from respiratory failure (i.e. when breathing stops).
If heroin is taken with other drugs, including alcohol, overdose is more likely. Other downers such as benzodiazepine tranquillisers are also associated with heroin overdose deaths
Its effects can be euphoric but can also be unenjoyable particularly to inexperienced drug users. Taking it will result in physical numbness and disconnection with your surroundings. In large doses it can lead to intense hallucinations and a sort of out-of-body experience known as a “K-hole”. Studies have shown prolonged use can cause addiction and other serious health problems, particularly with the bladder, as well as affecting memory.
These substances are unpredictable and cannot be assumed to be safe because of their legal status. Screening has proven that there are inconsistencies in strength and purity.
Users have been seen to experience seizures and sudden unconsciousness. Vomiting and frothing at the mouth. Severe headaches and in many cases developed dependency.
There is no guarantee that these substances don’t contain illicit substances therefore being found in possession could lead to prosecution and conviction.
The effects for both mushrooms can take between 30 minutes to two hours to happen. The strongest part of the trip takes 4-10 hours and the after-effects usually last a further 2-6 hours. The more you take, the longer your trip could last.
Both mushrooms can make you feel confident, relaxed and in good spirits.
They can distort colour, sound and objects. One effect can be that your senses get mixed up so that, for example, you think you can hear colours and you can see sounds.
Both types of mushrooms can make you feel sick, tired and disoriented but fly agaric (Amanita Muscaria) is much more potent and risky to take.
'Bad trips' are seriously frightening and unsettling. And you can't tell whether you're going to have a bad trip or a good trip. Also you can get flashbacks some time afterwards.
You may be at risk when you’re not in complete control of what you're doing. Your perception of your body and the world around you can be distorted.
Users say it's like being drunk with dizziness, dreaminess and fits of the giggles. And it can be difficult to think straight.
Depending on what's being inhaled, you can hallucinate. This can last for up to 45 minutes.
The hit is quite short so users tend to keep repeating the dose to keep the feeling going.
People can experience vomiting and blackouts.
There's a risk of fatal heart problems which have been known to kill users the very first time they sniff.
Squirting gas products down the throat is a particularly dangerous way of taking the drug. It can make your throat swell so you can't breathe and slows down your heart
Sports enthusiasts claim steroids make them able to train harder.
If taken during a strict exercise regime, they can help build muscle mass.
They can also help users recover from strenuous exercise faster.
Users claim the drug makes them feel more aggressive. Normally calm people can become irritable and aggressive, or even violent, and they can experience mood swings.
If you're young abuse of anabolic steroids can stop you growing properly.
Injecting any drug can cause vein damage, ulcers and gangrene particularly with dirty needles. Shared needles and other injecting works can help the spread of HIV and hepatitis virus infections.
Tranquillisers have a sedative effect. They work by depressing the nervous system and slowing the body down.
They relieve tension and anxiety and make the user feel calm and relaxed.
Big doses can make a user forgetful and send them to sleep.
Benzos in particular are highly addictive.
Tranquillisers are a depressant and if taken with other depressive drugs like alcohol, can lead to an accidental overdose.
Some tranquillisers have been shown to cause short-term memory loss.
Smoking any drug gets it to the brain quickly. When a smoker inhales, the nicotine reaches the brain in around 8 seconds. Regular smokers say it helps them relax and feel less hungry.
Nicotine speeds up the heart rate and increases blood pressure.
First time smokers often feel sick and dizzy.
Smokers are more likely to get coughs and chest infections.
An expert independent evidence review published by Public Health England (PHE) 2015 concludes that e-cigarettes are significantly less harmful to health than tobacco and have the potential to help smokers quit smoking.
Key findings of the review include:
•The current best estimate is that e-cigarettes are around 95% less harmful than smoking
•Nearly half the population (44.8%) don’t realise e-cigarettes are much less harmful than smoking
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